Interfacial area concentration in gas-liquid bubbly to churn flow regimes in large diameter pipes

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-118
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


This study performed a survey on existing correlations for interfacial area concentration (IAC) prediction and collected an IAC experimental database of two-phase flows taken under various flow conditions in large diameter pipes. Although some of these existing correlations were developed by partly using the IAC databases taken in the low-void-fraction two-phase flows in large diameter pipes, no correlation can satisfactorily predict the IAC in the two-phase flows changing from bubbly, cap bubbly to churn flow in the collected database of large diameter pipes. So this study presented a systematic way to predict the IAC for the bubbly-to-churn flows in large diameter pipes by categorizing bubbles into two groups (group 1: spherical or distorted bubble, group 2: cap bubble). A correlation was developed to predict the group 1 void fraction by using the void fraction for all bubble. The group 1 bubble IAC and bubble diameter were modeled by using the key parameters such as group 1 void fraction and bubble Reynolds number based on the analysis of Hibiki and Ishii (2001, 2002) using one-dimensional bubble number density and interfacial area transport equations. The correlations of IAC and bubble diameter for group 2 cap bubbles were developed by taking into account the characteristics of the representative bubbles among the group 2 bubbles and the comparison between a newly-derived drift velocity correlation for large diameter pipes and the existing drift velocity correlation of Kataoka and Ishii (1987) for large diameter pipes. The predictions from the newly-developed two-group IAC correlation were compared with the collected experimental data in gas-liquid bubbly to churn flow regimes in large diameter pipes and their mean absolute relative deviations were obtained to be 28.1%, 54.4% and 29.6% for group 1, group 2 and all bubbles respectively.

Research Area(s)

  • Bubble diameter, Bubbly to churn flow regimes, Interfacial area concentration, Interfacial area density, Large diameter pipes, Void fraction

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