Interface and thickness tuning for blade coated small-molecule organic light-emitting diodes with high power efficiency

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Yu-Fan Chang
  • Yu-Chian Chiu
  • Hao-Wen Chang
  • Yi-Siang Wang
  • Yi-Lun Shih
  • Chih-Hao Wu
  • Yi-Lun Liu
  • Yu-Sheng Lin
  • Hsin-Fei Meng
  • Heh-Lung Huang
  • Mei-Rurng Tseng
  • Hao-Wu Lin
  • Hsiao-Wen Zan
  • Sheng-Fu Horng
  • Jenh-Yih Juang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number123101
Journal / PublicationJournal of Applied Physics
Volume114
Issue number12
Online published23 Sep 2013
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

We developed a general method based on fluorescence microscopy to characterize the interface dissolution in multi-layer organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by blade coating. A sharp bi-layer edge was created before blade coating, with the bottom layer being insoluble and top layer soluble. After blade coating, fluorescence images showed that the edge of the top layer shifted when the layer dissolved completely, whereas the bottom layer's edge remained in place as a positioning mark. The dissolution depth was determined to be 15-20 nm when the emissive-layer host of 2,6-bis (3-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)phenyl) pyridine (26DCzPPy) was coated on the hole-transport layer of N,N′-bis(naphthalen-1-yl)-N,N′-bis(phenyl)-benzidine(NPB), which was consistent with a sudden drop in efficiency of orange OLEDs with layer thickness below 20 nm. Thus, the layer thickness of OLEDs was optimized to stay more than 20 nm for blade coating. For a two-color white OLED with the structure TCTA/26DCzPPy:PO-01-TB:FIrpic/TPBI, efficiency was 24 cd/A and 8.5 lm/W at 1000 cd/m2. For a three-color white OLED with Os(fptz)2(dhpm) added as the emitter, the efficiency was 12.3 cd/A and 3.7 lm/W at 1000 cd/m2. For a green device with the structure TCTA/26DCzPPy:Ir(mppy) 3/TPBI, the efficiency was 41.9 cd/A and 23.4 lm/W at 1000 cd/m2.

Citation Format(s)

Interface and thickness tuning for blade coated small-molecule organic light-emitting diodes with high power efficiency. / Chang, Yu-Fan; Chiu, Yu-Chian; Chang, Hao-Wen; Wang, Yi-Siang; Shih, Yi-Lun; Wu, Chih-Hao; Liu, Yi-Lun; Lin, Yu-Sheng; Meng, Hsin-Fei; Chi, Yun; Huang, Heh-Lung; Tseng, Mei-Rurng; Lin, Hao-Wu; Zan, Hsiao-Wen; Horng, Sheng-Fu; Juang, Jenh-Yih.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, No. 12, 123101, 28.09.2013.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal