Integration of biochemical and topographic cues for the formation and spatial distribution of invadosomes in nasopharyngeal epithelial cells

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

1 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • C.M. Tsang
  • Z.Y. Liu
  • W. Zhang
  • C. You
  • G.E. Jones
  • S.W. Tsao

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-182
Journal / PublicationActa Biomaterialia
Volume101
Online published2 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Abstract

Invadosomes are invasive protrusions generated by cells which can secrete matrix metalloproteinases for focal digestion of extracellular matrix. They also aid invasive cancer cells in their transmigration through vascular endothelium. However, how the physical and chemical cues in a three-dimensional (3D) system signal the spatial localization of invadosomes remains largely unknown. Here we study the topographic guidance of invadosome formation in invasive nasopharyngeal cells under the stimulation of an inflammatory cytokine, TGF-β1, using engineered gratings with different width and depth. We first report that TGF-β1 can act as an external signal to upregulate the formation of invadosomes with a random distribution on a plane 2D surface. When the cells were seeded on parallel 3D gratings of 5 μm width and 1 μm depth, most of the invadosomes aligned to the edges of the gratings, indicating a topographic cue to the control of invadosome localization. While the number of invadosomes per cell were not upregulated when the cells were seeded on 3D topography, guidance of invadosomes localization to edges is correlated with cell migration directionality on 1 μm deep gratings. Invadosomes preferentially form at edges when the cells move at a lower speed and are guided along narrow gratings. The invadosomes forming at 3D edges also have a longer half-life than those forming on a plane surface. These data suggest that there are integrated biochemical and 3D geometric cues underlying the spatial regulation of invasive structures so as to elicit efficient invasion or metastasis of cells.

Research Area(s)

  • Biomimetic system, Engineered platform, Invadosomes, Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC), Topographical Pattern

Citation Format(s)

Integration of biochemical and topographic cues for the formation and spatial distribution of invadosomes in nasopharyngeal epithelial cells. / Tsang, C.M.; Liu, Z.Y.; Zhang, W.; You, C.; Jones, G.E.; Tsao, S.W.; Pang, S.W.

In: Acta Biomaterialia, Vol. 101, 01.01.2020, p. 168-182.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal