Integrating positive psychology with cognitive behavioral coaching to enhance hope and gratitude in primary school students

Research output: Conference Papers (RGC: 31A, 31B, 32, 33)32_Refereed conference paper (no ISBN/ISSN)peer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages234
Number of pages234
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2012

Conference

TitleSocial Work Social Development 2012: Action and Impact (SWSD 2012)
PlaceSweden
CityStockholm
Period8 - 12 July 2012

Abstract

Hopeful thinking consists of the belief that one can find pathways to desired goals and the belief that one can have the motivation to use those pathways. Gratitude implies that individuals learn to appreciate their own strength and others’ strength, be grateful to their own selves and to others, and express their gratitude and emotions in appropriate manners.
The projects aims to enhance hope among the students, cultivate a sense of agency and goal attainment, and facilitate the students’ design of different pathways to achieve the goal. In addition, the project promotes self- gratitude, gratitude and emotional expression to others. Five groups were held for the students from five primary schools. 20 males and 15 females were selected by the teachers into the experimental groups, and the same number of students was recruited into the comparison groups. The average age of the students is 10.6. They are studying in primary 5 and 6. A total of 7 sessions were conducted for each group weekly, with each session lasted for one and a half hour. With reference to cognitive behavioral coaching, a variety of activities were used, including experiential exercises, simulation games, story-telling, role play, guided imagery, drawing, discussion and sharing.
Results show that there is a significant increase in life satisfaction score from pre-test to post-test between the experimental and comparison groups. There is also a significant decrease in depression score from pre- test to post-test. However, there are no significant changes in scores from pre-test to post-test between the two groups in other measures including anxiety, life orientation, hope, gratitude and happiness.
Integration of positive psychology and cognitive behavioral coaching is effective to lower the students’ depression level and
increase their life satisfaction. However, groups and programs can also be designed to cultivate other virtue strengths, e.g.
love, forgiveness, empathy, creativity, in the students.

Bibliographic Note

Research Unit(s) information for this publication is provided by the author(s) concerned.

Citation Format(s)

Integrating positive psychology with cognitive behavioral coaching to enhance hope and gratitude in primary school students. / Kwok, Sylvia, ; Tong, Katrina.

2012. 234 Paper presented at Social Work Social Development 2012: Action and Impact (SWSD 2012), Stockholm, Sweden.

Research output: Conference Papers (RGC: 31A, 31B, 32, 33)32_Refereed conference paper (no ISBN/ISSN)peer-review