Integrated Experimental and Theoretical Study of Shape-Controlled Catalytic Oxidative Coupling of Aromatic Amines over CuO Nanostructures

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Ramana Singuru
  • Quang Thang Trinh
  • Biplab Banerjee
  • Bolla Govinda Rao
  • Linyi Bai
  • Asim Bhaumik
  • Benjaram Mahipal Reddy
  • John Mondal

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1138
Journal / PublicationACS Omega
Volume1
Issue number6
Online published6 Dec 2016
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Link(s)

Abstract

We have synthesized CuO nanostructures with flake, dandelion-microsphere, and short-ribbon shapes using solution-phase methods and have evaluated their structure−performance relationship in the heterogeneous catalysis of liquid-phase oxidative coupling reactions. The formation of nanostructures and the morphological evolution were confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, elemental mapping analysis, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. CuO nanostructures with different morphologies were tested for the catalytic oxidative coupling of aromatic amines to imines under solvent-free conditions. We found that the flake-shaped CuO nanostructures exhibited superior catalytic efficiency compared to that of the dandelion-And short-ribbon-shaped CuO nanostructures. We also performed extensive density functional theory (DFT) calculations to gain atomic-level insight into the intriguing reactivity trends observed for the different CuO nanostructures. Our DFT calculations provided for the first time a detailed and comprehensive view of the oxidative coupling reaction of benzylamine over CuO, which yields N-benzylidene-1-phenylmethanamine as the major product. CuO(111) is identified as the reactive surface; the specific arrangement of coordinatively unsaturated Cu and O sites on the most stable CuO(111) surface allows N−H and C−H bond-Activation reactions to proceed with low-energy barriers. The high catalytic activity of the flake-shaped CuO nanostructure can be attributed to the greatest exposure of the active CuO(111) facets. Our finding sheds light on the prospective utility of inexpensive CuO nanostructured catalysts with different morphologies in performing solvent-free oxidative coupling of aromatic amines to obtain biologically and pharmaceutically important imine derivatives with high selectivity.

Research Area(s)

Citation Format(s)

Integrated Experimental and Theoretical Study of Shape-Controlled Catalytic Oxidative Coupling of Aromatic Amines over CuO Nanostructures. / Singuru, Ramana; Trinh, Quang Thang; Banerjee, Biplab et al.
In: ACS Omega, Vol. 1, No. 6, 12.2016, p. 1121-1138.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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