In-sewer stability of selected analgesics and their metabolites

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

8 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Fahad Ahmed
  • Jiaying Li
  • Jake W. O'Brien
  • Benjamin J. Tscharke
  • Saer Samanipour
  • Phong K. Thai
  • Jochen F. Mueller
  • Kevin V. Thomas

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number117647
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume204
Online published9 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Understanding the in-sewer stability of analgesic biomarkers is important for interpreting wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) data to estimate community-wide analgesic drugs consumption. The in-sewer stability of a suite of 19 analgesics and their metabolites was assessed using lab-scale sewer reactors. Target biomarkers were spiked into wastewater circulating in simulated gravity, rising main and control (no biofilm) sewer reactors. In-sewer transformation was observed over a hydraulic retention time of 12 h. All investigated biomarkers were stable under control reactor conditions. In gravity sewer conditions, diclofenac, desmetramadol, ibuprofen carboxylic acid, ketoprofen, lidocaine and tapentadol were highly stable (0–20% transformation in 12 h). Valdecoxib, parecoxib, etoricoxib, indomethacin, naltrexone, naloxone, piroxicam, ketoprofen, lidocaine, tapentadol, oxymorphone, hydrocodone, meperidine, hydromorphone were considered as moderately stable biomarkers (20–50% transformation in 12 h). Celecoxib and sulindac were considered unstable biomarkers (>50% transformation in 12 h). Ketoprofen, lidocaine, tapentadol, meperidine, hydromorphone were transformed to 0–20% whereas diclofenac, desmetramadol, ibuprofen carboxylic acid, valdecoxib, parecoxib, etoricoxib, indomethacin, naltrexone, piroxicam were transformed up to 20–50% in 12 h in rising main reactor (RMR). These biomarkers were considered as highly stable and stable biomarkers in RMR, respectively. Sulindac, celecoxib, naloxone, oxymorphone and hydrocodone were transformed more than 50% in 12 h and considered as unstable biomarkers in RMR. This study provides the information for a better understanding of the in-sewer loss of the analgesics before using them in WBE biomarkers for estimating drug loads at the population level. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Biomarkers, Sewer-reactors, Stability, Wastewater-based epidemiology

Citation Format(s)

In-sewer stability of selected analgesics and their metabolites. / Ahmed, Fahad; Li, Jiaying; O'Brien, Jake W. et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 204, 117647, 01.10.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review