Industrial wireless sensor networks

Research output: Chapters, Conference Papers, Creative and Literary WorksRGC 12 - Chapter in an edited book (Author)peer-review

1 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Industrial Electronics Handbook
Subtitle of host publicationIndustrial Communication Systems
EditorsBogdan M. Wilamowski, J. David Irwin
PublisherCRC Press
ISBN (electronic)978-1-4398-0282-3
ISBN (print)978-1-4398-0281-6
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


Given the increasing age of many industrial systems and the dynamic industrial manufacturing market, industrial monitoring and control systems are critical to maintain safety, reliability, efficiency, and uptime. Industrial wireless sensor networks (IWSNs), with their unique characteristics such as flexibility, self-organization, low cost, and rapid deployment, have become a promising technology for intelligent and low-cost industrial automation systems [3,9,47–49]. In these systems, wireless tiny sensor nodes are installed on industrial equipment and monitor the parameters critical to each equipment’sefficiency based on a combination of measurements such as vibration, temperature, pressure, and power quality. These data are then wirelessly transmitted to a sink node that analyzes the data from each sensor. Any potential problems are notified to the plant personnel as an advanced warning system. This enables plant personnel to repair or replace equipment, before their efficiency drops or they fail entirely[9,29]. In this way, catastrophic equipment failures and the associated repair and replacement costs can be prevented while complying with strict environmental regulations.

The collaborative nature of IWSNs brings several advantages over traditional wired industrial monitoring and control systems, including self-organization, rapid deployment, flexibility, and inherent intelligent processing capability. In this regard, IWSN plays a vital role in creating a highly reliable and self-healing industrial system that rapidly responds to real-time events with appropriate actions.However, to realize the envisioned industrial applications and hence take the advantages of the potential gains of IWSN, effective communication protocols, which can address the unique challenges posed by such systems, are required.

Recently, many researchers have been engaged in developing schemes that address the unique challenges of IWSNs. In this chapter, first a short review about the emerging and already employed IWSN applications and technologies is presented. In addition, IWSN standards are presented for the system owners, who plan to utilize new IWSN technologies for industrial automation applications. After a short review of IWSN applications and standardization activities, technical challenges and design principles are introduced in terms of hardware development, system architectures and protocols, and software development. Specifically, radio technologies, energy-harvesting techniques, and cross-layer design for IWSNs are discussed. Here, our aim is to provide a contemporary look at the current state of the art in IWSNs and discuss the still-open research issues in this field, and hence, to make the decision-making process more effective and direct. Note that some parts of this chapter have also been presented in [9].

The remainder of the chapter is organized as follows. Section 6.1 presents the IWSN applications. In Section 6.2, the IWSN standardization activities are reviewed. Sections 6.3 and 6.4 review the technical challenges and corresponding design directions,respectively. In Section 6.5, design principles of IWSNs are discussed. Finally, the chapter is concluded in Section 6.6.

Citation Format(s)

Industrial wireless sensor networks. / Gungor, Vehbi Cagri; Hancke, Gerhard P.
The Industrial Electronics Handbook: Industrial Communication Systems. ed. / Bogdan M. Wilamowski; J. David Irwin. 2nd . ed. CRC Press, 2011.

Research output: Chapters, Conference Papers, Creative and Literary WorksRGC 12 - Chapter in an edited book (Author)peer-review