Individual, Peer, and Family Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among College Students in Hong Kong

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

View graph of relations


Original languageEnglish
Article number4304
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number5
Online published28 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023



In this study, an ecological model and developmental psychopathology theory focusing on an ontogenic system (hopelessness) and microsystems (peer alienation and childhood abuse and trauma) was adopted to examine the individual, peer, and family correlates of depressive symptoms among college Chinese students in Hong Kong, China. A cross-sectional survey research design with a convenience sampling procedure was used to examine a sample of college students (n = 786) aged 18 to 21 years old in Hong Kong. Among them, 352 respondents (44.8%) reported having depressive symptoms, with a Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) score of 14 or above. The results of this study indicated that childhood abuse and trauma, peer alienation, and hopelessness were positively related to depressive symptoms. The underlying arguments and implications were discussed. The study results provided further support for the ecological model and the developmental psychopathology theory on the predictive roles of individual, peer, and family correlates of adolescent depression. © 2023 by the authors.

Research Area(s)

  • and family correlates, college students, depressive symptoms, ecological model, individual, peer

Citation Format(s)

Download Statistics

No data available