Individual bat virome analysis reveals co-infection and spillover among bats and virus zoonotic potential

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Jing Wang
  • Yuan-fei Pan
  • Li-fen Yang
  • Wei-hong Yang
  • Kexin Lv
  • Chu-ming Luo
  • Juan Wang
  • Guo-peng Kuang
  • Wei-chen Wu
  • Qin-yu Gou
  • Gen-yang Xin
  • Bo Li
  • Huan-le Luo
  • Shoudeng Chen
  • Yue-long Shu
  • Deyin Guo
  • Zi-Hou Gao
  • Guodong Liang
  • Yao-qing Chen
  • Edward C. Holmes
  • Yun Feng
  • Mang Shi

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number4079
Journal / PublicationNature Communications
Volume14
Online published10 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Link(s)

Abstract

Bats are reservoir hosts for many zoonotic viruses. Despite this, relatively little is known about the diversity and abundance of viruses within individual bats, and hence the frequency of virus co-infection and spillover among them. We characterize the mammal-associated viruses in 149 individual bats sampled from Yunnan province, China, using an unbiased meta-transcriptomics approach. This reveals a high frequency of virus co-infection (simultaneous infection of bat individuals by multiple viral species) and spillover among the animals studied, which may in turn facilitate virus recombination and reassortment. Of note, we identify five viral species that are likely to be pathogenic to humans or livestock, based on phylogenetic relatedness to known pathogens or in vitro receptor binding assays. This includes a novel recombinant SARS-like coronavirus that is closely related to both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2. In vitro assays indicate that this recombinant virus can utilize the human ACE2 receptor such that it is likely to be of increased emergence risk. Our study highlights the common occurrence of co-infection and spillover of bat viruses and their implications for virus emergence. © The Author(s) 2023.

Research Area(s)

Citation Format(s)

Individual bat virome analysis reveals co-infection and spillover among bats and virus zoonotic potential. / Wang, Jing; Pan, Yuan-fei; Yang, Li-fen et al.
In: Nature Communications, Vol. 14, 4079, 2023.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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