Imputing dropouts for single-cell RNA sequencing based on multi-objective optimization

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3222–3230
Journal / PublicationBioinformatics
Volume38
Issue number12
Online published29 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2022

Abstract

Motivation: Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) technologies have been testified revolutionary for their promotion on the profiling of single-cell transcriptomes at single-cell resolution. Excess zeros due to various technical noises, called dropouts, will mislead downstream analyses. Therefore, it is crucial to have accurate imputation methods to address the dropout problem. Results: In this article, we develop a new dropout imputation method for scRNA-seq data based on multi-objective optimization. Our method is different from existing ones, which assume that the underlying data has a preconceived structure and impute the dropouts according to the information learned from such structure. We assume that the data combines three types of latent structures, including the horizontal structure (genes are similar to each other), the vertical structure (cells are similar to each other) and the low-rank structure. The combination weights and latent structures are learned using multi-objective optimization. And, the weighted average of the observed data and the imputation results learned from the three types of structures are considered as the final result. Comprehensive downstream experiments show the superiority of our method in terms of recovery of true gene expression profiles, differential expression analysis, cell clustering and cell trajectory inference.

Research Area(s)

  • GENE-EXPRESSION, PRESERVING IMPUTATION, SEQ REVEALS, ACCURATE

Citation Format(s)

Imputing dropouts for single-cell RNA sequencing based on multi-objective optimization. / Jin, Ke; Li, Bo; Yan, Hong; Zhang, Xiao-Fei.

In: Bioinformatics, Vol. 38, No. 12, 15.06.2022, p. 3222–3230.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review