Improvement in the environmental stability of tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum by substitution of sulphonic acid in 8-hydroxyquinoline ligand

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)22_Publication in policy or professional journal

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • C. Y. Kwong
  • A. B. Djurišić
  • R. B. Pode
  • T.K.Gundu Rao
  • W. K. Chan

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-290
Journal / PublicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5214
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Conference

TitleOrganic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices VII
PlaceUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period4 - 6 August 2003

Abstract

Tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (Alq 3) is a commonly used electron transporting and/or light emitting material in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). However, it is well known that Alq 3 is very sensitive to atmosphere exposure and that photoluminescence of Alq 3 films decreases with the time of atmosphere exposure. Degradation is also a serious problem in Alq 3 based OLEDs. Several degradation mechanisms have been identified in these devices, including formation of unstable cationic species due to passage of holes. Therefore, there is lots of interest in improving the stability of Alq 3. We have synthesized Tris (8-hydroxyquinoline-5 sulphonic acid) aluminum (Al(qS) 3) in order to improve the stability. We performed electron spin resonance measurements on Alq 3 and Al(qS) 3 powders. Unlike Alq 3 which exhibited strong ESR signal, Al(qS) 3 produced no detectable ESR signal indicating absence of free radicals in this material. To test the environmental stability of Al(qS) 3 films, we have performed photoluminescence (PL) measurements in humid air at different temperatures and found that Al(qS) 3 exhibits improved stability. After comparing the stability of Alq 3 and Al(qS) 3 thin films, fabrication of the light emitting diodes with Al(qS) 3 emitting layer was attempted in order to compare the performance with Alq 3 based devices.

Citation Format(s)

Improvement in the environmental stability of tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum by substitution of sulphonic acid in 8-hydroxyquinoline ligand. / Roy, V. A L; Kwong, C. Y.; Djurišić, A. B.; Pode, R. B.; Rao, T.K.Gundu; Chan, W. K.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 5214, 2004, p. 283-290.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)22_Publication in policy or professional journal