Improved Stability and Photodetector Performance of CsPbI3 Perovskite Quantum Dots by Ligand Exchange with Aminoethanethiol

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1902446
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Functional Materials
Early online date20 May 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 May 2019

Abstract

A surface engineering strategy aimed at improving the stability of CsPbI3 perovskite quantum dots (QDs) both in solution and as films is demonstrated, by performing partial ligand exchange with a short chain ligand, 2-aminoethanethiol (AET), in place of the original long chain ligands, oleic acid (OA) and oleylamine (OAm), used in synthesis. This results in the formation of a compact ligand barrier around the particles, which prevents penetration of water molecules and thus degradation of the films and, in addition, at the same time improves carrier mobility. Moreover, the AET ligand can passivate surface traps of the QDs, leading to an enhanced photoluminescence (PL) efficiency. As a result, AET-CsPbI3 QDs maintain their optical performance both in solution and as films, retaining more than 95% of the initial PL intensity in water after 1 h, and under ultraviolet irradiation for 2 h. Photodetectors based on the AET-CsPbI3 QD films exhibit remarkable performance, such as high photoresponsivity (105 mA W−1) and detectivity (5 × 1013 Jones at 450 nm and 3 × 1013 Jones at 700 nm) without an external bias. The photodetectors also show excellent stability, retaining more than 95% of the initial responsivity in ambient air for 40 h without any encapsulation.

Research Area(s)

  • aminoethanethiol, cesium lead halide perovskites, excellent stability, photodetectors, quantum dots