Impacts of two-stage deterioration on an integrated inventory model under trade credit and variable capacity utilization

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-234
Journal / PublicationEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number1
Online published22 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


The joint economic lot sizing problem (JELP) model provides a global view to facilitate the development of a production-inventory policy for an integrated system. However, when a deteriorating item is involved, previous studies have neglected the following two important issues: (1) the deterioration quantity increases the demand for the supplier's capacity, which consequently requires the supplier to recalculate the corresponding average cost and reevaluate the capacity utilization, and (2) given the supplier's production rate, in-transit deterioration imposes restrictions on the delivery distance or in-transit time. Therefore, the existing integrated policies may lead to infeasible solutions for the distribution channel when a deterioration item is included. In view of these two issues, a generalized JELP model under delay in payments is formulated to investigate the integrated production-inventory policy for an item with two-stage deterioration (in-transit and retail deterioration) while incorporating both transportation time and capacity utilization. By developing the average cost functions of the supply chain members and employing several new definitions (e.g., variable capacity utilization), this paper provides a mechanism for measuring the influence of two-stage deterioration on the supplier's capacity utilization for the JELP. Three algorithms are proposed to obtain optimal decisions based on the theoretical results. This paper demonstrates that the supplier's variable capacity utilization is relevant to transportation time and two-stage deterioration, which can be applied to evaluate the feasibility of the integrated production-inventory policy for the deteriorating item. Furthermore, there is a maximum allowable value for the retailer's order cycle.

Research Area(s)

  • Capacity utilization, Delay in payments, Integrated inventory model, Logistics, Two-stage deterioration

Citation Format(s)