Impact of diverse active sites on MoS2 catalyst : Competition on active site formation and selectivity of thiophene hydrodesulfurization reaction

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Tian Zhang
  • Mang Niu
  • Shoufu Cao
  • Shuxian Wei
  • Zhaojie Wang
  • Wenyue Guo
  • Xiaoqing Lu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-76
Journal / PublicationMolecular Catalysis
Volume463
Online published30 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Abstract

MoS2 is an efficient catalyst widely used in hydrodesulfurization (HDS) reaction. Coordinatively unsaturated active sites (CUS) on defective MoS2 clusters are the most active positions for HDS reaction. In this study, we investigated CUS formation competition and thiophene HDS reaction mechanism at diverse active sites on MoS2 nanoclusters by using density functional theory. First, we constructed five defective MoS2 clusters with different CUSs. The calculated formation energies and Gibbs free energies of these CUSs indicated that the MoS2 clusters with single-corner or -edge CUSs were the favorable structures under HDS condition, especially the former type. Subsequently, thiophene adsorption configurations and HDS reactions at the corner and edge CUSs on MoS2 clusters were elucidated. Results showed that the corner CUS was more beneficial for thiophene adsorption than the edge CUS due to the smaller steric hindrance effect. For HDS process at the corner CUS, reaction via hydrogenation route was more competitive, and the reaction formed 2-butene as a product and tetrahydrothiophene as an impurity. By contrast, at the edge CUS, the direct desulfurization route with butadiene production was more energetically favorable, indicating an enhanced catalytic HDS property. This work provides theoretical basis in screening catalyst active sites and catalytic reaction products in industrial HDS processes.

Research Area(s)

  • Coordinatively unsaturated active site, Density functional theory, Hydrodesulfurization mechanism, MoS2 cluster

Citation Format(s)

Impact of diverse active sites on MoS2 catalyst : Competition on active site formation and selectivity of thiophene hydrodesulfurization reaction. / Guo, Chen; Zhang, Tian; Niu, Mang; Cao, Shoufu; Wei, Shuxian; Wang, Zhaojie; Guo, Wenyue; Lu, Xiaoqing; Wu, Chi-Man Lawrence.

In: Molecular Catalysis, Vol. 463, 02.2019, p. 67-76.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review