Impact assessment of biomass burning on air quality in Southeast and East Asia during BASE-ASIA

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Kan Huang
  • Joshua S. Fu
  • N. Christina Hsu
  • Yang Gao
  • Xinyi Dong
  • Si-Chee Tsay

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-302
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume78
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A synergy of numerical simulation, ground-based measurement and satellite observation was applied to evaluate the impact of biomass burning originating from Southeast Asia (SE Asia) within the framework of NASA's 2006 Biomass burning Aerosols in Southeast Asia: Smoke Impact Assessment (BASE-ASIA). Biomass burning emissions in the spring of 2006 peaked in March–April when most intense biomass burning occurred in Myanmar, northern Thailand, Laos, and parts of Vietnam and Cambodia. Model performances were reasonably validated by comparing to both satellite and ground-based observations despite overestimation or underestimation occurring in specific regions due to high uncertainties of biomass burning emission. Chemical tracers of particulate K+, OC concentrations, and OC/EC ratios showed distinct regional characteristics, suggesting biomass burning and local emission dominated the aerosol chemistry. CMAQ modeled aerosol chemical components were underestimated at most circumstances and the converted AOD values from CMAQ were biased low at about a factor of 2, probably due to the underestimation of biomass emissions. Scenario simulation indicated that the impact of biomass burning to the downwind regions spread over a large area via the Asian spring monsoon, which included Southern China, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait. Comparison of AERONET aerosol optical properties with simulation at multi-sites clearly demonstrated the biomass burning impact via long-range transport. In the source region, the contribution from biomass burning to AOD was estimated to be over 56%. While in the downwind regions, the contribution was still significant within the range of 26%–62%.

Research Area(s)

  • Aerosol chemical property, Aerosol optical property, Biomass burning, CMAQ, Long-range transport, Southeast Asia

Citation Format(s)

Impact assessment of biomass burning on air quality in Southeast and East Asia during BASE-ASIA. / Huang, Kan; Fu, Joshua S.; Hsu, N. Christina; Gao, Yang; Dong, Xinyi; Tsay, Si-Chee; Lam, Yun Fat.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 78, 10.2013, p. 291-302.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review