Imaging and motion of cathode group spots during pulse-enhanced vacuum arc evaporation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Journal / PublicationVacuum
Volume139
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017

Abstract

Pulse-enhanced vacuum arc evaporation (PEVAE) which combines pulsed and direct current operation of the arc source is a new approach in cathodic arc evaporation technology. One potential advantage is to deflect the arc along new paths over the target and prevent it from moving in only preferred areas. In this work, the cathode group spots (GSs) are photographed using a high-speed digital camera with exposure time of 100 μs and 25 ms and the influence of the pulse current and nitrogen pressure on the motion of the GSs including velocity and distribution are investigated. The experimental results reveal two types of GSs. With respect to the traditional DC arc current of 100 A, the GSs consist of a few fragments close to each other and for the PEVAE, and the GSs tend to organize in a roughly circular expanding ring. Quasi-quantitative analysis of the experimental results shows that a self-generated transverse magnetic field by the high pulsed arc current may bend and extend the GSs motion trajectory. It may also be related to the enhancement effect of the high pulse current on electron emission which can also contribute to the higher expansion speed of the GSs.

Research Area(s)

  • Cathode group spots, Nitrogen pressure, Pulse current, Pulse enhanced vacuum arc

Citation Format(s)

Imaging and motion of cathode group spots during pulse-enhanced vacuum arc evaporation. / Ma, Yinghe; Gong, Chunzhi; Tian, Xiubo; Chu, Paul K.

In: Vacuum, Vol. 139, 01.05.2017, p. 37-43.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review