Identifying the impact of large urban airports on local air quality by nonparametric regression

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • K. N. Yu
  • Y. P. Cheung
  • T. Cheung
  • Ronald C. Henry

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4501-4507
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume38
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004

Abstract

Emissions of air pollutants from aircraft in large urban areas are a health concern to nearby residents. This study examined hourly concentrations of CO, NOx, SO2, and respirable suspended particles (RSP) taken in the vicinity of Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) and Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). The LAX data cover the period August 1997 through March 1998 and the HKIA all of 2000 and 2001. The average concentration as a function of wind speed and direction was estimated by nonparametric regression. The error variance of the nonparametric regression results was also estimated. The results show that SO2 can be used to identify wind speeds and directions associated with emissions from aircraft. Using this assumption and the nonparametric regression plots for the other pollutants one can identify the impact of aircraft on local air quality. At LAX, CO and NOx are dominated by emissions from ground vehicles going in and out of the airport. However, near HKIA, aircraft are an important contributor to CO and RSP. At both sites, nonparametric regression identified other, smaller sources as well. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Air pollution, Airports, Data analysis, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Nonparametric regression, Receptor modeling, Statistics

Citation Format(s)

Identifying the impact of large urban airports on local air quality by nonparametric regression. / Yu, K. N.; Cheung, Y. P.; Cheung, T.; Henry, Ronald C.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 38, No. 27, 09.2004, p. 4501-4507.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review