Identification of SNPs involved in Zn and Cu accumulation in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) by genome-wide association analysis

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Jie Meng
  • Ruihui Shi
  • Kai Song
  • Li Li
  • Huayong Que
  • Guofan Zhang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number110208
Journal / PublicationEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume192
Online published7 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Oysters accumulate high concentrations of zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu), which can be transferred to human due to sea food consumption. Breeding new oyster varieties with low Zn and Cu accumulations is one important way to improve food safety. However, the genetic basis for metal accumulation in mollusks is not well understood. To address this issue, oysters collected in the field were used for genome-wide association study (GWAS) and then the identified genes were used for mRNA expressions analysis in laboratory. First, GWAS were conducted for Zn and Cu accumulation in 288 wild Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) farmed in the same ocean environment. The oysters did not show obvious population structure or kinship but exhibited 8.43- and 10.0- fold changes of Zn and Cu contents respectively. GWAS have identified 11 and 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with Zn and Cu, respectively, as well as 16 genes, which were Zn-containing proteins or participated in caveolae-dependent endocytosis. Second, the mRNA expressions of these 16 genes were observed under Zn and Cu exposure. After 9 days of Zn exposure, Zn contents increased 3.1-fold, while the mRNA expression of cell number regulator 3 increased 1.65-fold. Under 9 days of Cu exposure, Cu contents increased 1.97-fold, while the mRNA expression of caveolin-1 decreased 0.61-fold. These provide the evidence for their roles in regulating physiological levels of these two metals. The findings advance our understanding of the genetic basis of Zn and Cu accumulation in mollusks, which can be useful for breeding new, less toxic varieties of oysters.

Research Area(s)

  • Association analysis, Genetic basis, Metal accumulation, Oyster, SNP chips

Citation Format(s)

Identification of SNPs involved in Zn and Cu accumulation in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) by genome-wide association analysis. / Meng, Jie; Wang, Wenxiong; Shi, Ruihui; Song, Kai; Li, Li; Que, Huayong; Zhang, Guofan.

In: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Vol. 192, 110208, 01.04.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review