Identification of Potential Risk Factors Associated with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Subtype H5N1 Outbreak Occurrence in Lagos and Kano States, Nigeria, During the 2006-2007 Epidemics

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

14 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • R. Métras
  • K. B. Stevens
  • P. Abdu
  • I. Okike
  • T. Randolph
  • D. Grace
  • S. Costard

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-96
Journal / PublicationTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume60
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Highly pathogenic avian influenza HPAI H5N1 was first reported in Africa in 2006, in Nigeria. The country experienced severe outbreaks in 2006 and 2007, strongly affecting the poultry population. Current knowledge on potential risk factors for HPAI H5N1 occurrence in poultry farms in Nigeria is limited. Therefore, we conducted a case-control study to identify potential farm-level risk factors for HPAI H5N1 occurrence in two areas of the country that were affected by the disease in 2006 and 2007, namely the States of Lagos and Kano. A case-control study was conducted at the farm level. A convenience sample of 110 farms was surveyed. Data on farm characteristics, farm management and trade practices were collected. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with farms that confirmed positive for HPAI. Having a neighbouring poultry farm was identified as a potential risk factor for disease occurrence [OR, 5.23; 95% CI, (0.88-30.97); P-value=0.048]. Farm staff washing their hands before handling birds was a protective factor [OR, 0.14; 95% CI, (0.05-0.37); P-value

Research Area(s)

  • Disease control, Trade/effects on trade, Veterinary epidemiology, Virus

Citation Format(s)

Identification of Potential Risk Factors Associated with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Subtype H5N1 Outbreak Occurrence in Lagos and Kano States, Nigeria, During the 2006-2007 Epidemics. / Métras, R.; Stevens, K. B.; Abdu, P.; Okike, I.; Randolph, T.; Grace, D.; Pfeiffer, D. U.; Costard, S.

In: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, Vol. 60, No. 1, 02.2013, p. 87-96.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal