Hydrothermal synthesis of hierarchical SnO 2 microspheres for gas sensing and lithium-ion batteries applications : Fluoride-mediated formation of solid and hollow structures

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Hongkang Wang
  • Fang Fu
  • Feihu Zhang
  • Hong-En Wang
  • Stephen V. Kershaw
  • Jiaqiang Xu
  • Shi-Gang Sun

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2140-2148
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume22
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2012

Abstract

Hierarchical solid and hollow microspheres composed of oriented aligned cone-like SnO 2 nanoparticles are prepared by a hydrothermal route using either NH 4F or NaF, as morphology controlling agents. Their structures and morphology evolution are comprehensively characterized by TEM, SEM, XRD, XPS and the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method, and a formation mechanism is proposed. Both solid and hollow SnO 2 microspheres are formed via an Ostwald ripening process undergoing different reorganization paths in the presence of either NH 4F or NaF. The solid spheres preferentially recrystallize starting from the cores and grow by consuming adjacent smaller particles, while the hollow spheres preferentially recrystallize starting from outer shells and grow by consuming the entrapped core materials via the mechanism of solid evacuation. As gas sensing materials, both solid and hollow SnO 2 microspheres demonstrate sensitive and selective response to several hazardous gases, such as formaldehyde, ammonia, benzene, acetone, and methanol. As lithium storage materials, the hierarchical SnO 2 hollow spheres show a higher charge/discharge capacity and better cyclic performance than the hierarchical SnO 2 solid spheres. The discharge capacity of the hierarchical SnO 2 hollow spheres is 187 mAh g -1 higher than the solid spheres for up to 50 discharge/charge cycles. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Citation Format(s)

Hydrothermal synthesis of hierarchical SnO 2 microspheres for gas sensing and lithium-ion batteries applications : Fluoride-mediated formation of solid and hollow structures. / Wang, Hongkang; Fu, Fang; Zhang, Feihu; Wang, Hong-En; Kershaw, Stephen V.; Xu, Jiaqiang; Sun, Shi-Gang; Rogach, Andrey L.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, No. 5, 07.02.2012, p. 2140-2148.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review