Hydrophobic surface modification of membrane distillation (MD) membranes using water-repelling polymer based on urethane rubber

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

15 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Jungwoo Jung
  • Yonghyun Shin
  • Yong-Jun Choi
  • Jinsik Sohn
  • Sangho Lee

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10031-10041
Journal / PublicationDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume57
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2016

Abstract

Membrane distillation (MD) is a unit process that uses hydrophobic membranes to separate vapor from saline water. The performance of the MD process is largely affected by the properties of the membranes, which should be porous, hydrophobic, and stable under high temperature conditions. Accordingly, it is essential to develop highly efficient membranes for practical implementation of MD technology. In this study, we applied a water repellent chemical (WRC) made of urethane rubber onto hydrophilic membranes to develop a novel approach for MD membrane preparation. A spin coating method was adopted to introduce hydrophobic coating layers on polyamide membranes. Experiments were carried out in the direct contact membrane distillation mode. Contact angle and liquid entry pressure (LEP) were measured before and after the surface coating. In addition, scanning electronic microscope, FT-IR, and atomic force microscope analysis were conducted to confirm a coating layer of the membrane. The optimum condition for the spin coating was 1,500 rpm for 20 s and flux, rejection, and LEP were 6.78 kg/m2-h, 99.9%, and 1.65 bar, respectively. These results confirmed that the membranes prepared by the surface coating of WRC have potential for use in MD process.

Research Area(s)

  • Flux, Liquid entry pressure, Membrane distillation, Rejection, Surface modification, Urethane rubber, Water-repelling chemical

Citation Format(s)

Hydrophobic surface modification of membrane distillation (MD) membranes using water-repelling polymer based on urethane rubber. / Jung, Jungwoo; Shin, Yonghyun; Choi, Yong-Jun; Sohn, Jinsik; Lee, Sangho; An, Kyoungjin.

In: Desalination and Water Treatment, Vol. 57, No. 22, 08.05.2016, p. 10031-10041.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review