Hybrid elevated-temperature, low/high-voltage plasma immersion ion implantation of AISI304 stainless steel

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • X. B. Tian
  • Y. X. Leng
  • T. K. Kwok
  • L. P. Wang
  • B. Y. Tang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-183
Journal / PublicationSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume135
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2001

Abstract

Elevated-temperature plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) is an effective non-line-of-sight technique to harden austenitic stainless steel by producing expanded austenitic phases in the near surface region. We report here a hybrid elevated-temperature, low/high voltage approach, which improves the efficiency while retaining the non-line-of-sight advantages of PIII. A low-voltage (4 kV), elevated-temperature (355 °C) PIII process is first used to produce the modified layer, but the nitrogen concentration in this layer is typically relatively low and the thickness may not be adequate. This is followed by high-voltage (25 kV) PIII at a lower temperature to increase the nitrogen concentration and to achieve the desirable surface enhancement effects. To assess the efficacy of the technique, the samples are characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), nanohardness measurements, and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) depth profiling. The experimental results show that the nitrogen concentration increases by nearly 75% and the nitrogen penetration depth nearly doubles that of the low-voltage sample. The surface microhardness also improves by 150% and our data suggest that it is due to the formation of expanded austenites.

Citation Format(s)

Hybrid elevated-temperature, low/high-voltage plasma immersion ion implantation of AISI304 stainless steel. / Tian, X. B.; Leng, Y. X.; Kwok, T. K.; Wang, L. P.; Tang, B. Y.; Chu, P. K.

In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 135, No. 2-3, 15.01.2001, p. 178-183.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal