Human-Centered Interaction in Virtual Worlds : A New Era of Generative Artificial Intelligence and Metaverse

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Human-Computer Interaction
Online published27 Feb 2024
Publication statusOnline published - 27 Feb 2024


The metaverse has emerged as an exciting new paradigm for human-computer interaction (HCI) and virtual collaboration. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the metaverse to address the gap in the existing literature where there is a lack of a survey that reviews the nature of the metaverse and its building blocks from a human-centric perspective. We first synthesize a definition of the metaverse from existing literature and delineate key affordances. We then introduce a detailed framework encompassing the metaverse’s nature, infrastructure technologies, and input/ output technologies that  facilitate multi-sensory HCI,  alongside applications across diverse domains. The components within this framework are explained in depth, offering insights into the metaverse’s nature and the readiness level of current technologies. Based on this comprehensive analysis, we outline major open challenges and propose promising directions demanding further exploration and  investigation. By  clarifying the  vision  for  the  metaverse and  characterizing the building blocks required to  realize it,  this  review provides essential insights and  serves as  an invaluable resource for metaverse developers and researchers working to advance this transformative new medium.

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Research Area(s)

  • Metaverse, human- computer interaction, technical framework