How does a scarcer allowance remake the carbon market? An evolutionary game analysis from the perspective of stakeholders

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number128150
Journal / PublicationEnergy
Online published16 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023


The carbon market has been playing an increasingly important role in mitigating carbon emissions. However, with the tightening of the carbon allowance, where the carbon market will evolve is still unclear. Abstracting three agents—Government, Carbon-supplier(‘CS’), Carbon-buyer(‘CB’), this paper intends to investigate the operation mechanism of carbon market from the perspective of the stakeholders. Based on the simulation analysis, it is suggested that: 1) the carbon market in China may become a major “seller's market” when carbon quota experienced dramatic reduction; 2) when the carbon price is constant, CS with excessive carbon productivity will crowd out and exploit CB in the carbon market competition; 3) strict administrative penalties and information disclosure would help promote proactive participation of CS and CB in the carbon market; and 4) the interaction between CS and CB in different strategic scenarios is influenced by the carbon price and the coefficient of demand variation for carbon quota. In contrast with previous studies, this paper has uncovered a dynamic strategic evolution mechanisms of stakeholders in the carbon market at the micro-level, contributing to carbon market governance and providing stakeholders with tailor-made climate policy tools and strategic choices. © 2023

Research Area(s)

  • carbon allowance, Carbon market, Evolutionary game analysis, Mechanism analysis