Highly Selective Molecular Catalysts for the CO2-to-CO Electrochemical Conversion at Very Low Overpotential. Contrasting Fe vs Co Quaterpyridine Complexes upon Mechanistic Studies

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Claudio Cometto
  • Lingjing Chen
  • Po-Kam Lo
  • Elodie Anxolabéhère-Mallart
  • Claire Fave
  • Marc Robert

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3411-3417
Journal / PublicationACS Catalysis
Volume8
Issue number4
Online published13 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2018

Abstract

[MII(qpy)(H2O)2]2+ (M = Fe, Co; qpy: 2,2′:6′,2″:6″,‴-quaterpyridine) complexes efficiently catalyze the electrochemical CO2-to-CO conversion in acetonitrile solution in the presence of weak Brönsted acids. Upon performing cyclic voltammetry studies, controlled-potential electrolysis, and spectroelectrochemistry (UV-visible and infrared) experiments together with DFT calculations, catalytic mechanisms were deciphered. Catalysis is characterized by high selectivity for CO production (selectivity >95%) in the presence of phenol as proton source. Overpotentials as low as 240 and 140 mV for the Fe and Co complexes, respectively, led to large CO production for several hours. In the former case, the one-electron-reduced species binds to CO2, and CO evolution is observed after further reduction of the intermediate adduct. A deactivation pathway has been identified, which is due to the formation of a Fe0qpyCO species. With the Co catalyst, no such deactivation occurs, and the doubly reduced complex activates CO2. High scan rate cyclic voltammetry allows reaching kinetic conditions, leading to scan-rate-independent plateau-shaped voltammograms from which catalytic rate constant was obtained. The molecular catalyst is very active for CO production (turnover a frequency of 3.3 × 104 s-1 at 0.3 V overpotential), as confirmed by catalytic a Tafel plot showing a comparison with previous catalysts.

Research Area(s)

  • CO2 reduction, electrochemical catalysis, molecular catalysts, quaterpyridine complexes, solar fuels

Citation Format(s)

Highly Selective Molecular Catalysts for the CO2-to-CO Electrochemical Conversion at Very Low Overpotential. Contrasting Fe vs Co Quaterpyridine Complexes upon Mechanistic Studies. / Cometto, Claudio; Chen, Lingjing; Lo, Po-Kam; Guo, Zhenguo; Lau, Kai-Chung; Anxolabéhère-Mallart, Elodie; Fave, Claire; Lau, Tai-Chu; Robert, Marc.

In: ACS Catalysis, Vol. 8, No. 4, 06.04.2018, p. 3411-3417.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review