Highly fluorescent N,N-dimethylaminophenylethynylarenes : Synthesis, photophysical properties, and electrochemiluminescence

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8626-8633
Journal / PublicationJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume109
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2005
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A new family of aryl-π-donor-aryl molecules has been synthesized and studied with respect to their photophysical properties and electrogenerated chemiluminscence (ECL) for the first time. Anthracene, phenanthrene, naphthalene, biphenyl, and fluorene were coupled with N,N-dimethylanilino moiety via a C-C triple bond (1-7). Introduction of such a strong electron-donating moiety as N,N-dimethylanilino group through a triple bond imparts new properties to the resultant molecules that are not commonly observed for the parent arenes. All molecules show absorption in the near-visible region and emission totally in the visible region with high fluorescence quantum yields. Bright solid-state photoluminescence has also been noticed for all the compounds in the visible region. 9-Anthryl- and 1-naphthyl- derivatives exhibited blue-shifted electrochemiluminescence (ECL) relative to their photoluminescence because of aggregation. 9-Phenanthryl- and 2-naphthyl-derivatives did not show ECL. 2-Biphenyl derivative showed monomeric ECL while 4-biphenyl counterpart exhibited excimer ECL. No ECL was observed for 2-fluorenyl derivative. The observed electronic properties are discussed with regard to the structure of the molecules. The characteristics of the molecules chosen in the present study open up new prospects and promises for novel tunable organic materials, on the basis of simple extension of conjugation to promote intramolecular communication, for ECL, OLED, and other optoelectronic applications. © 2005 American Chemical Society.

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