High-Attenuation Wideband Active Common-Mode EMI Filter Section

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5479-5490
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number5
Online published24 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


A high-attenuation wideband active common-mode filter (ACF) section is presented. Each section is composed of an active capacitor and a small common-mode (CM) inductor. The active capacitor is realized by using several coupling capacitors and a class-A bipolar-junction-transistor (BJT)-based amplifier for its low-cost, fast response, and good immunity to high voltage transients. The structure of the amplifier consists of a common-collector (CC) amplifier and a high-gain common-emitter (CE) amplifier with an active load. The working bandwidth of the ACF ranges from 150kHz to 30MHz. By cascading several ACF sections, a multistage structure that exhibits high filtering attenuation can be designed. The number of cascaded sections is optimized by considering the required filtering attenuation. The performance of single-stage and two-stage ACFs is evaluated on two commercial power supplies with rated power of 90W and 1000W, respectively. The CM noise of the power supplies with the proposed ACF and with the original passive filters are compared. The results show that the physical volume of the ACF is significantly smaller than that of the passive filter, and the power dissipation of the ACF is similar to that of the passive filter.

Research Area(s)

  • active filter, Active filters, amplifier, Capacitors, common-mode (CM) noise, Electromagnetic interference, Electromagnetic interference (EMI) filter, Impedance, Inductors, multistage, Passive filters, Voltage, wideband