High-affinity CCK-A receptors on the vagus nerve mediate CCK-stimulated pancreatic secretion in rats

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume273
Issue number3 36-3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1997
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Cholecystokinin (CCK) receptors are found on vagal afferent fibers. In pancreatic acini, CCK receptors exist in high- and low-affinity states. The aim of this study was to identify the vagal CCK-A receptor affinity state that mediates the effect of CCK on pancreatic protein secretion. Using a rat model with a pancreatic-biliary cannula, we studied the effects of CCK-JMV- 180 on exocrine pancreatic function. CCK-JMV-180 acts as an agonist on high- affinity CCK receptors and as an antagonist on low-affinity CCK receptors. Infusion of CCK-JMV-180 (22-88 μg·kg-1·h-1) caused dose-dependent increases in pancreatic protein secretion, which were blocked by the CCK-A receptor antagonist L-364,718. Acute vagotomy in anesthetized rats and perivagal application of capsaicin in conscious rats abolished pancreatic responses to CCK-JMV-180 at 22 and 44 μg·kg-1·h-1. CCK-JMV-180 did not reduce pancreatic responses to CCK octapeptide infusion at 20 and 40 pmol·kg-1·h-1. To demonstrate that endogenously released CCK also acts on high-affinity CCK-A receptors, we showed that in conscious rats intraduodenal infusion of 18% casein produced a threefold increase in protein secretion and elevated plasma CCK levels from 0.7 to 8.4 pM. Infusion of CCK- JMV-180 at 44 μg·kg-1·h-1 failed to inhibit pancreatic responses to casein. In separate studies, perivagal application of 1% capsaicin inhibited 95% and 90% of the pancreatic responses to casein and casein combined with intravenous CCK-JMV-180, respectively. The neurotoxic effect of capsaicin on small-diameter sensory vagal fibers was verified by immunohistochemical and retrograde tracing studies. In conclusion, we demonstrated that in contrast to their effect on satiety, which is mediated by vagal low-affinity CCK-A receptors, exogenous CCK and endogenous CCK under physiological conditions act through high-affinity CCK-A receptors to mediate pancreatic protein secretion. These findings suggest that different affinity states of the vagal CCK receptors mediate different digestive functions.

Research Area(s)

  • Capsaicin, CCK-JMV-180, Vagal cholecystokinin receptors, Vagal nerves