Harnessing combinational phototherapy via post-synthetic PpIX conjugation on nanoscale metal-organic frameworks

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4763-4770
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials Chemistry B
Issue number31
Online published4 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2019


Nanomaterial-mediated phototherapy, including photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT), is an effective anticancer intervention that relies on light activation of photoactive nanomaterials localized in tumors. Recently, combinational PDT/PTT offered a practical pathway to relieve resistance of monotherapy, surmount undesirable side effect and provide synergistic effect to enhance phototherapeutic efficiency. Herein, we report a facile strategy to integrate protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) to nanoscale metal-organic frameworks (NMOFs) and control their photoactive properties for combinational cancer PDT and PTT. With optimized PpIX conjugation, the as-fabricated nanoparticles (nPCU NPs) exhibit (1) improved dispersibility and particle stability; (2) simultaneous generation of reactive oxygen species and heat effectively through activation by single-wavelength laser of 635 nm; (3) maintenance of porosity for further application as drug delivery vehicles. Moreover, in vitro investigation of nPCU NPs demonostrates effective cellular uptake, successful endosomal escape and enhanced phototherapeutic efficacy under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions. Therefore, this study developed a novel type of phototherapeutic nanoplatforms with optimal properties for applicable cancer phototherapy.

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