Handwriting assessment to distinguish comorbid learning difficulties from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Chinese adolescents : A case-control study

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1718
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Volume27
Issue number4
Online published15 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Abstract

Objectives: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning difficulties (LDs) are proposed as 2 overlapping disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the handwriting performance in ADHD and comorbid ADHD-LD adolescents.

Methods: The study examined the Chinese and English handwriting performance and sensorimotor skills of 32 ADHD, 12 ADHD-LD, and their matched controls.

Results: Participants with ADHD had comparable writing time and speed, but the readability was lower than their controls. Participants with ADHD-LD had lower writing speeds in both Chinese and English handwriting than their controls. The ADHD and ADHD-LD groups also showed larger variations in either speed or pen pressure than their controls. Chinese handwriting assessment effectively classified ADHD and ADHD-LD with good sensitivity and positive predictive value.

Conclusions: Clinicians should be aware of the fundamental difference between the 2 disorders and make good use of handwriting assessment as a reference to deliver effective therapies and trainings.

Research Area(s)

  • ADHD, Adolescent psychiatry, Behavior, Learning disability

Citation Format(s)

Handwriting assessment to distinguish comorbid learning difficulties from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Chinese adolescents : A case-control study. / Li-Tsang, Cecilia W.P.; Li, Tim M.H.; Lau, Mandy S.W.; Ho, Choco H.Y.; Leung, Howard W.H.

In: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, Vol. 27, No. 4, e1718, 12.2018.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review