Growth performance, tissue mineralization, antioxidant activity and immune response of oreochromis niloticus fed with conventional and gluconic acid zinc dietary supplements

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Fan Luo
  • Zhihuan Fu
  • Mingjie Wang
  • Zhiwei Ke
  • Manna Wang
  • Murtaza Hasan
  • Xugang Shu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-907
Journal / PublicationAquaculture Nutrition
Volume27
Issue number3
Online published14 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Abstract

Zn is one of the essential elements to maintain normal fish metabolic process (including growth, development and reproduction), which have different chemical status in nature including inorganic, organic and nano-sized. In this work, the efficacy of gluconic acid zinc (Glu-Zn), nano zinc oxide (Nano ZnO), zinc sulphate (ZnSO4) on the growth performance, tissue mineral elements deposition, antioxidant activity and immune response of the tilapia fish Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) was evaluated. Three experimental diets were prepared by adding different forms of Zn sources (ZnSO4 as a control group) with same Zn concentration (40 mg/kg) and used to feed fish for 60 days. The biological trial results displayed that the growth performance of Nile tilapia has not obviously affected by different Zn form source supplement. However, Glu-Zn and Nano ZnO supplements have significantly stimulated the Zn and Cu absorption deposition efficiency in the fish tissues as compared to ZnSO4 group. Besides, there was a significant increase in Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (35.03 U/mgprot), alkaline phosphatase (79.34 U/mgprot), aspartate aminotransferase (23.42 U/L), alanine aminotransferase (18.45 U/L), glutathione peroxidase (171.24 U/mgprot) and fatty acid synthase (11.55 ng/mL) content in Glu-Zn treatment. Additionally, Glu-Zn supply significantly increased serum lysozyme (9.91 U/mL), immunoglobulin M (0.48 g/L), complement 3 (0.74 g/L) and complement 4 (0.95 g/L) activity of Nile tilapia. Also, compared to ZnSO4 diet, lysozyme (11.44 U/mL) and complement 4 (0.63 g/L) content were obviously higher in fish fed Nano Zn diet. These findings revealed that supplementation with Glu-Zn as a Zn source in feed is better than ZnSO4 for improving tissue mineralization, antioxidant stress, alleviate lipid peroxidation and immunity response of Nile tilapia. Meantime, Nano ZnO also played a positive role in the tissue mineralization and immunity response of Nile tilapia.

Research Area(s)

  • efficacy, gluconic acid zinc, Oreochromis niloticus, physiological condition, Zn source, Zn status

Citation Format(s)

Growth performance, tissue mineralization, antioxidant activity and immune response of oreochromis niloticus fed with conventional and gluconic acid zinc dietary supplements. / Luo, Fan; Fu, Zhihuan; Wang, Mingjie; Ke, Zhiwei; Wang, Manna; Wang, WenXiong; Hasan, Murtaza; Shu, Xugang.

In: Aquaculture Nutrition, Vol. 27, No. 3, 06.2021, p. 897-907.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review