Growth and antioxidative response of two mangrove plants to interaction between aquaculture effluent and BDE-99

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

9 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations



Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-804
Journal / PublicationScience of the Total Environment
Online published23 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2019


Mangroves are subject to contamination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) due to waste and wastewater disposal, and aquaculture effluent (AE) from nearby aquaculture activities. However, the response of mangrove plants to these two stresses and their interaction has seldom been reported. A six-month microcosm study, planted with either Kandelia obovata (Ko) or Avicennia marina (Am), the two most dominant species in South China mangrove swamps, was conducted to investigate the effects of BDE-99, and the interactions of BDE-99 (one of the most abundant PBDE congeners) and AE on growth and physiological responses of these plants. In addition to mixed stressors, both stressors were also applied individually. Results showed that Avicennia was more tolerant to BDE-99 contamination than Kandelia, as reflected by the reduced biomass, but increased superoxide radical (O2 −⁎) release and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in Kandelia. Addition of AE alleviated toxicity of BDE-99 in Kandelia by promoting biomass but lowering oxidative stress and MDA production. The hormesis model also demonstrated that the interaction between BDE-99 and AE on leaf and root MDA and O2 content in both Kandelia and Avicennia were mostly antagonistic. Activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD) in both leaf and root of Kandelia were reduced by BDE-99. On the contrary, BDE-99 significantly enhanced the three enzyme activities in Avicennia root at month 3. Addition of AE also significantly enhanced root CAT, POD and SOD activities, and leaf SOD in both plant species to remove excess ROS produced under BDE-99 exposure. These results indicated that the tolerance of mangrove plants to oxidative stresses depended on antioxidative enzymes that were inducible.

Research Area(s)

  • Aquaculture effluent, BDE-99, Hormesis model, Mangroves, Toxicity

Citation Format(s)