Groovy and Gnarly : Surface Wrinkles as a Multifunctional Motif for Terrestrial and Marine Environments

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

7 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Venkata A. Surapaneni
  • Ricardo Ziege
  • Luciano C. de Faria
  • Jan Wölfer
  • Cécile M. Bidan
  • Frederik H. Mollen
  • Shahrouz Amini
  • Sean Hanna

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749–761
Journal / PublicationIntegrative and Comparative Biology
Volume62
Issue number3
Online published8 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

From large ventral pleats of humpback whales to nanoscale ridges on flower petals, wrinkled structures are omnipresent, multifunctional, and found at hugely diverse scales. Depending on the particulars of the biological system-its environment, morphology, and mechanical properties-wrinkles may control adhesion, friction, wetting, or drag; promote interfacial exchange; act as flow channels; or contribute to stretching, mechanical integrity, or structural color. Undulations on natural surfaces primarily arise from stress-induced instabilities of surface layers (e.g., buckling) during growth or aging. Variation in the material properties of surface layers and in the magnitude and orientation of intrinsic stresses during growth lead to a variety of wrinkling morphologies and patterns which, in turn, reflect the wide range of biophysical challenges wrinkled surfaces can solve. Therefore, investigating how surface wrinkles vary and are implemented across biological systems is key to understanding their structure-function relationships. In this work, we synthesize the literature in a metadata analysis of surface wrinkling in various terrestrial and marine organisms to review important morphological parameters and classify functional aspects of surface wrinkles in relation to the size and ecology of organisms. Building on our previous and current experimental studies, we explore case studies on nano/micro-scale wrinkles in biofilms, plant surfaces, and basking shark filter structures to compare developmental and structure-vs-function aspects of wrinkles with vastly different size scales and environmental demands. In doing this and by contrasting wrinkle development in soft and hard biological systems, we provide a template of structure-function relationships of biological surface wrinkles and an outlook for functionalized wrinkled biomimetic surfaces.

Research Area(s)

  • PATTERN-FORMATION, MORPHOLOGY, ATTACHMENT, RIDGES, GROWTH, PLICIDENTINE, MECHANICS, PADS, INSTABILITIES, FILTRATION

Bibliographic Note

Full text of this publication does not contain sufficient affiliation information. With consent from the author(s) concerned, the Research Unit(s) information for this record is based on the existing academic department affiliation of the author(s).

Citation Format(s)

Groovy and Gnarly: Surface Wrinkles as a Multifunctional Motif for Terrestrial and Marine Environments. / Surapaneni, Venkata A.; Schindler, Mike; Ziege, Ricardo et al.
In: Integrative and Comparative Biology, Vol. 62, No. 3, 09.2022, p. 749–761.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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