Graphite felt incorporated with MoS2/rGO for electrochemical detoxification of high-arsenic fly ash

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number122763
Journal / PublicationChemical Engineering Journal
Volume382
Online published7 Sep 2019
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2020

Abstract

Accumulation of high-arsenic fly ash (HAFA) poses a serious environmental threat due to the toxicity of As and release of other heavy metals especially Cr. In this work, a novel graphite felt (GF) cathode modified with the nanoscale MoS2/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) heterojunction is prepared by blending with PTFE emulsion for efficient synergistic oxidative dissolution of As(III) and Cr(III) in HAFA. By taking advantage of the p-n junction characteristics of the heterojunction and appropriate hydrophobicity of the PTFE coating, the modified GF efficiently utilizes both dissolved O2 and gaseous O2 in the 2e oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Our theoretical assessment indicates that gaseous O2 adsorbs stably on sulfur vacancies and is reduced by electrons transmitted from rGO. Experimentally, the modified GF shows superior ORR catalytic activity as exemplified by a high peak current density of 8.41 mA cm−2 and onset potential of 0.53 V vs. RHE. [rad]OH generated by the Cr and Fe-triggered autocatalysis mechanism promotes oxidization of As(III) and Cr(III) in detoxification of HAFA resulting in 96.1% As removal as well as 70.74% Cr removal in 135 min. The modified GF with excellent stability and durability has immense industrial prospect in detoxification of HAFA and treatment of other types of As-containing hazardous wastes.

Research Area(s)

  • Arsenic, Electrochemical detoxification, Graphite felt, Heterojunction, Oxygen reduction reaction

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