Graphene-mediated ferromagnetic coupling in the nickel nano-islands/graphene hybrid

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Min Gao
  • Xiaowen Han
  • Wenjing Liu
  • Ziao Tian
  • Yongfeng Mei
  • Miao Zhang
  • Erjun Kan
  • Tao Hu
  • Yongping Du
  • Shan Qiao
  • Zengfeng Di

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereabg7054
Journal / PublicationScience Advances
Volume7
Issue number30
Online published23 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Abstract

Nanoscale magnetic structures are fundamental to the design and fabrication of spintronic devices and have exhibited tremendous potential superior to the conventional semiconductor devices. However, most of the magnetic moments in nanostructures are unstable due to size effect, and the possible solution based on exchange coupling between nanomagnetism is still not clear. Here, graphene-mediated exchange coupling between nanomagnets is demonstrated by depositing discrete superparamagnetic Ni nano-islands on single-crystal graphene. The heterostructure exhibits ideal two-dimensional (2D) ferromagnetism with clear hysteresis loops and Curie temperature up to 80 K. The intrinsic ferromagnetism in graphene and antiferromagnetic exchange coupling between graphene and Ni nano-islands are revealed by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism and density functional theory calculations. The artificial 2D ferromagnets constitute a platform to study the coupling mechanism between complex correlated electronic systems and magnetism on the nanoscale, and the results and concept provide insights into the realization of spin manipulation in quantum computing.

Citation Format(s)

Graphene-mediated ferromagnetic coupling in the nickel nano-islands/graphene hybrid. / Gao, Min; Han, Xiaowen; Liu, Wenjing; Tian, Ziao; Mei, Yongfeng; Zhang, Miao; Chu, Paul K.; Kan, Erjun; Hu, Tao; Du, Yongping; Qiao, Shan; Di, Zengfeng.

In: Science Advances, Vol. 7, No. 30, eabg7054, 07.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review