Global genome mining-driven discovery of an unusual biosynthetic logic for fungal polyketide–terpenoid hybrids

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3011-3017
Journal / PublicationChemical Science
Issue number8
Online published17 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2024



Genome mining has facilitated the efficient discovery of untapped natural products. We performed global genome mining in fungi and discovered a series of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) that appeared to afford polyketide–terpenoid hybrids via a distinct biosynthetic mechanism from those adopted by known pathways. Characterization of one of the BGCs revealed that it yields the drimane–phthalide hybrid 1. During the biosynthesis of 1, the farnesyl group is unusually introduced by the dimethylallyltryptophan synthase-type prenyltransferase MfmD and is then cyclized by the Pyr4-family terpene cyclase MfmH. The replacement of MfmH with its homologue OcdTC gave another hybrid molecule with a monocyclic terpenoid moiety. Moreover, PsetPT, an MfmD homologue, was found to perform dimethylallylation and was then engineered to install a geranyl group. Our study unraveled an unusual biosynthetic mechanism for fungal phthalide–terpenoid hybrids and provided insights into how their structural diversification could be achieved. © 2024 The Author(s). Published by the Royal Society of Chemistry

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