Geometrically nonlinear analysis of functionally graded shells

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

101 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations



Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-144
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009


The nonlinear response of functionally graded ceramic-metal shell panels under mechanical and thermal loading is studied. The nonlinear formulation is based on a modified version of Sander's nonlinear shell theory, in which the geometric nonlinearity takes the form of von Kármán strains. It is assumed that the material properties vary through the thickness according to a power-law distribution of the volume fraction of the constituents. The displacement field is expressed in terms of a set of mesh-free kernel particle functions. The bending stiffness is evaluated using a stabilized conforming nodal integration technique, and the shear and membrane terms are computed using a direct nodal integration to eliminate shear and membrane locking. The arc-length method, combined with the modified Newton-Raphson approach, is employed to trace the full load-displacement path. The characteristic of the displacement and the axial stress in panels under thermal and mechanical loading is investigated, and the effects of the volume fraction exponent, boundary conditions, and material properties on the nonlinear response of shell panels are also examined. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Element-free, Functionally graded materials, Nonlinear analysis, Shells, von Kármán strains