Gene profiling characteristics of radioadaptive response in AG01522 normal human fibroblasts

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Jue Hou
  • Fan Wang
  • Peizhong Kong
  • Hongzhi Wang
  • Wei Han

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0123316
Journal / PublicationPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number4
Online published17 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Link(s)

Abstract

Radioadaptive response (RAR) in mammalian cells refers to the phenomenon where a lowdose ionizing irradiation alters the gene expression profiles, and protects the cells from the detrimental effects of a subsequent high dose exposure. Despite the completion of numerous experimental studies on RAR, the underlying mechanism has remained unclear. In this study, we aimed to have a comprehensive investigation on the RAR induced in the AG01522 human fibroblasts first exposed to 5 cGy (priming dose) and then followed by 2 Gy (challenge dose) of X-ray through comparisons to those cells that had only received a single 2 Gy dose. We studied how the priming dose affected the expression of gene transcripts, and to identify transcripts or pathways that were associated with the reduced chromosomal damages (in terms of the number of micronuclei) after application of the challenging dose. Through the mRNA and microRNA microarray analyses, the transcriptome alteration in AG01522 cells was examined, and the significantly altered genes were identified for different irradiation procedures using bioinformatics approaches.We observed that a low-dose X-ray exposure produced an alert, triggering and altering cellular responses to defend against subsequent high dose-induced damages, and accelerating the cell repair process. Moreover, the p53 signaling pathway was found to play critial roles in regulating DNA damage responses at the early stage after application of the challenging dose, particularly in the RAR group. Furthermore, microRNA analyses also revealed that cell communication and intercellular signaling transduction played important roles after low-dose irradiation.We conclude that RAR benefits from the alarm mechanisms triggered by a low-dose priming radation dose.

Research Area(s)

Citation Format(s)

Gene profiling characteristics of radioadaptive response in AG01522 normal human fibroblasts. / Hou, Jue; Wang, Fan; Kong, Peizhong; Yu, Peter K. N.; Wang, Hongzhi; Han, Wei.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 4, e0123316, 2015.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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