Gain Enhancement of Horn Antenna Using a Metal Lens

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1337-1349
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number2
Online published16 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


A compact wideband open-horn antenna is proposed for point-to-point wireless communications. The antenna consists of a spatial power divider and an H-plane lens. Both the power divider and lens are metallic, fabricated by using 3-D-printing technology. Our proposed lens has wrinkled subchannels of different lengths to convert the original quasicylindrical wavefront into a nearly planar wave front across a wide frequency range, giving a wideband high-gain antenna. The operating principle and the design guideline are given. Using the guideline, two design examples with different E-field magnitude distributions are studied and fabricated for Ku-band applications. The first design has a uniform E-field magnitude distribution, with its maximum measured gain and normalized sidelobe level (SLL) being 18.1 dBi and −9.4 dB, respectively. The second design has a tapered E-field magnitude distribution. In this case, the maximum measured gain and normalized SLL are 19.6 dBi and −15.0 dB, respectively. The overall measured 3-dB gain bandwidths of the two designs are more than 46.7%. It is found that the sizes (axial lengths) of the proposed designs are smaller than those of optimum horn antennas by more than 60%.

Research Area(s)

  • 3-D printing, compact, high aperture efficiency, high gain, horn antenna, metal lens, Phase correction, wideband