Future Projections of Marine Heatwaves in the Indian Ocean under Different Socioeconomic Pathways

Research output: Conference PapersAbstractpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Conference

TitleEuropean Geosciences Union General Assembly 2024 (EGU24)
LocationAustria Center Vienna & Online
PlaceAustria
CityVienna
Period14 - 19 April 2024

Abstract

Marine heatwaves (MHWs) are extended periods of abnormal warm sea surface temperature (SST) events that can have considerable impact on the marine ecosystems and associated services. Despite recent developments in studying MHWs in the Indian Ocean, our understanding of their future occurrence remains limited. Hence, this study is crucial to expanding our understanding of future MHWs in the region. We use observational data from the Optimal Interpolated Sea Surface Temperature analysis (OISSTv2) and daily SST data from 14 models obtained from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6) to investigate the spatial and temporal characteristics of MHWs in the historical period (1982-2014) and future (2015-2100) under three shared socioeconomic pathways (SSPs, e.g., SSP126, SSP245, SSP585). During the historical period, more intense MHWs concentrated near the northern Arabian and Bay of Bengal region, with total MHW days of 20 ~ 25 days per year and mean intensity of 2 ~ 3 °C per year. The CMIP6 models overestimate the duration of MHWs while underestimating their intensity. Nevertheless, we employ the quantile delta mapping bias correction method to minimize these uncertainties in the CMIP6 multi model ensemble mean for a robust and reliable depiction of the future MHWs characteristics. We note accelerated positive trend in MHW metrics, including total days, and cumulative intensity, in the future compared to the historical period, resulting from global warming. Moreover, different emission scenarios exhibit different future MHWs characteristics. Specifically, the duration and mean intensity of MHWs are distinctly higher under SSP585 compare to other two scenarios, except for MHW frequency. Considering that we focused on a fixed baseline for MHW detection, we attribute the increase in MHWs duration to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, we emphasize the need for proactive measures to mitigate the impacts on future MHWs on marine ecosystems and associated services in the face of climate change. © Author(s) 2024.

Citation Format(s)

Future Projections of Marine Heatwaves in the Indian Ocean under Different Socioeconomic Pathways. / Wijendra Naidhelage, Dushantha Sandaruwan Jayarathna; Zhou, Wen; Collins, Matthew et al.
2024. Abstract from European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2024 (EGU24), Vienna, Austria.

Research output: Conference PapersAbstractpeer-review