From Virtual to Physical Problem Solving in Coding : A Comparison on Various Multi-Modal Coding Tools for Children Using the Framework of Problem Solving

Research output: Chapters, Conference Papers, Creative and Literary Works (RGC: 12, 32, 41, 45)12_Chapter in an edited book (Author)peer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Anthology on Recent Trends, Tools, and Implications of Computer Programming
Place of PublicationHershey, PA
PublisherIGI Global
Chapter30
Pages677-694
ISBN (Electronic)9781799830177
ISBN (Print)1799830160, 9781799830160
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Abstract

Using coding education to promote computational thinking and nurture problem-solving skills in children has become an emerging global trend. However, how different input and output modalities in coding tools affect coding as a problem-solving process remains unclear. Of interest are the advantages and disadvantages of graphical and tangible interfaces for teaching coding to children. We conducted four kids coding workshops to study how different input and output methods in coding affected the problemsolving process and class dynamics. Results revealed that graphical input could keep children focused on problem solving better than tangible input, but it was less provocative for class discussion. Tangible output supported better schema construction and casual reasoning and promoted more active class engagement than graphical output but offered less affordance for analogical comparison among problems. We also derived insights for designing new tools and teaching methods for kids coding.

Citation Format(s)

From Virtual to Physical Problem Solving in Coding : A Comparison on Various Multi-Modal Coding Tools for Children Using the Framework of Problem Solving. / Zhu, Kening.

Research Anthology on Recent Trends, Tools, and Implications of Computer Programming. Hershey, PA : IGI Global, 2021. p. 677-694.

Research output: Chapters, Conference Papers, Creative and Literary Works (RGC: 12, 32, 41, 45)12_Chapter in an edited book (Author)peer-review