Frictional pressure drop correlation for two-phase flows in mini and micro multi-channels

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

12 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-328
Journal / PublicationApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


1029 frictional pressure drop data of two-phase flow in mini/micro multi-channels were collected from 11 literatures. This database included 8 working fluids: R134a, R22, R404a, FC-72, water, CO2, R236fa and R245fa. The channel dimension ranged from 0.109 to 2.13 mm. Frictional pressure drop range of the database was from 5 to 150 kPa. The applicability of 11 existing correlations developed for mini/micro single channels to mini/micro multi-channels were evaluated with the multi-channel database. Among the existing correlations, the correlation of Lee-Mudawar predicted the database with the mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) of 35.3%, the correlations of Lee-Garimella and Sun-Mishima had MAPEs within 45.0%. In the process of new correlation development, the database was divided into three categories (namely, 1: gas laminar-liquid laminar, 2: gas turbulent-liquid laminar, 3: gas turbulent-liquid turbulent) in terms of liquid Reynolds number and gas Reynolds number, since gas laminar-liquid turbulent data did not exist in the literature. The newly developed correlation was formulated by a function of the two-phase Reynolds number, Retp, the two-phase viscosity number, Nμ, and the vapor quality, x. The correlation could predict the measured frictional pressure drop with the MAPE of 18.9%. The correlation demonstrated an excellent performance of the two-phase flow frictional pressure drop prediction in mini/micro

Research Area(s)

  • Frictional pressure drop, Micro-channel, Mini-channel, Multi-channel, Two-phase flow

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