Free-standing electrodes composed of carbon-coated Li4Ti5O12 nanosheets and reduced graphene oxide for advanced sodium ion batteries

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-188
Journal / PublicationJournal of Power Sources
Online published3 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


A free-standing electrode composed of carbon-coated Li4Ti5O12 nanosheets and reduced graphene oxide (designated as LTO-C/RGO) is fabricated for Na storage by modified vacuum filtration and subsequent annealing. In this process, graphene oxide with negative charges and LTO-C nanosheets with abundant charged ions are self-assembled into the nanocomposite based on the screening effect of electrostatic repulsion. The unique structure of the confined LTO-C nanosheets in a highly conductive interconnected RGO network not only promotes the reaction kinetics and structural stability of the electrodes during Na+ insertion/extraction, but also provides plenty of interfacial sites for Na+ adsorption giving rise to additional interfacial Na storage. The free-standing LTO-C/RGO anode for sodium ion battery exhibits a high capacity of 166 mAhg−1 at 1 C, good rate capability of 98.7 mAhg−1 at 5 C, and superior cyclic performance of 114 mAhg−1 at 2 C after 600 cycles. The materials boasting superior Na storage have large potential in high-performance sodium ion batteries in portable, flexible and wearable electronics.

Research Area(s)

  • Free-standing, Graphene, Li4Ti5O12, Nanosheets, Sodium ion battery

Citation Format(s)