Freehand scanning photoacoustic microscopy with simultaneous localization and mapping

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number100411
Journal / PublicationPhotoacoustics
Online published7 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022



Optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy offers high-resolution, label-free hemodynamic and functional imaging to many biomedical applications. However, long-standing technical barriers, such as limited field of view, bulky scanning probes, and slow imaging speed, have limited the application of optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy. Here, we present freehand scanning photoacoustic microscopy (FS-PAM) that can flexibly image various anatomical sites. We develop a compact handheld photoacoustic probe to acquire 3D images with high speed, and great flexibility. The high scanning speed not only enables video camera mode imaging but also allows for the first implementation of simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) in photoacoustic microscopy. We demonstrate fast in vivo imaging of some mouse organs, and human oral mucosa. The high imaging speed greatly reduces motion artifacts and distortions from tissue moving, breathing, and unintended handshaking. We demonstrate small-lesion localization in a large region of the brain. FS-PAM offers a flexible high-speed imaging tool with an extendable field of view, enabling more biomedical imaging applications.

Research Area(s)

  • Expendable field of view, Freehand-scanning, Optical-resolution, Photoacoustic microscopy

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