Forest Trees as Naturally Available Seismic Metamaterials : Low Frequency Rayleigh Wave with Extremely Wide Bandgaps

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number2043014
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Issue number14
Online published16 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


This paper presents a comprehensive study and it concludes that the resonance of forest trees with properly aligned conditions precisely working as naturally available locally resonant metamaterials that are equipped with wonderful capability of generating low frequency extremely wide bandgaps in the earthquake frequency range of interest. At the geophysical scale, the propagation of Rayleigh wave in the soft sedimentary soil basin experiences strong wave attenuation when the longitudinal resonant modes of trees are coupled with vertical component of the Rayleigh wave that mimic wave hybridization phenomena. A finite element-based numerical technique is adopted and we considered a total of 10 cases where spacing, height, thickness and mechanical properties of resonant trees are varied to study the Rayleigh wave propagation and attenuation mechanism. The trapping and/or mode conversion of Rayleigh wave by resonant trees is observed as dominant phenomena for wave attenuation. A time history analysis is conducted based on an actual earthquake record to validate the performance and efficiency of the bandgaps. The effects of ground stiffness, resonant tree mechanical and geometric properties on the bandgaps are also discussed. The study explores another peculiar characteristic of the forest trees that controls the propagation of seismic wave to protect a region from earthquake hazards. Our study may motivate the relevant organizations, authorities and global communities on the needs of forestation to reduce the earthquake catastrophe.

Research Area(s)

  • bandgap, earthquake hazard, Rayleigh wave, resonant tree, Seismic metamaterial

Citation Format(s)