Flow characteristics of dispersed two-phase flows in an 8 × 8 rod bundle

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Original languageEnglish
Article number111146
Journal / PublicationExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Volume153
Online published17 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Abstract

Two-phase flows in rod bundles or tube bundles appear in heat transfer systems. The bundle-average (or one-dimensional) void fraction is a critical parameter in overall system design, performance evaluation, and safety assessment. Accurate bundle-average void fraction prediction requires a precise interfacial momentum transfer term formulated using the distribution parameter and drift velocity, two essential drift-flux parameters in the drift-flux model. The currently utilized modeling approach is based on the distribution parameter and drift velocity determined together through drift-flux plots. This results in possible compensation errors between the distribution parameter and drift velocity in the model validation process. The independent validation of the constitutive equations for the distribution parameter and drift velocity has been challenging due to experimental difficulty in measuring detailed two-phase flow structures in rod bundles. The present study proposes an approximation methodology to obtain subchannel average two-phase flow parameters using local two-phase flow data measured at two local points: the subchannel center and minimum gap center in a rod bundle. The distributions of subchannel average two-phase flow parameters are invaluable in benchmarking subchannel analysis codes. Comprehensive subchannel average void fraction and gas velocity mappings are given to discuss the effects of gas and liquid velocities, pressure, spacer grid, and developing length on the two-phase flow characteristics in the rod bundle. The bundle-average distribution parameter values calculated by subchannel average two-phase flow parameters are used for independent validation of the constitutive equations of the distribution parameter. The bundle-average drift velocity values back-calculated using the distribution parameter values are also used for independent validation of the constitutive equation of the drift velocity.

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Research Area(s)

  • Drift-flux model, Void fraction, Rod bundle, Subchannel analysis code, Heat exchanger