Fixed-time stabilization of linear delay systems by smooth periodic delayed feedback

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-573
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
Issue number2
Online published13 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


This paper studies fixed-time stabilization (FxTS) of a general controllable linear system with an input delay τ. It is shown that such a problem is not solvable if the prescribed convergence time Tτ  is smaller than 2τ. For Tτ ≥ 3τ, a solution based on linear periodic delayed feedback (PDF) without any distributed delay is established. For Tτ  > 2τ, a solution based on linear predictor-based PDF containing a distributed delay is proposed. For both cases, the gains of the PDF can be chosen as continuous, continuously differentiable, and even smooth, in the sense of infinitely many times differentiable. If only an output signal is available for feedback, two classes of linear observers with periodic coefficients are designed so that their states converge to the current and future states of the system at a prescribed finite time, respectively. With the observed current and future states, FxTS can also be achieved by using respectively the PDF and observer-based PDF. A linear periodic feedback (without delay) is also established to solve the FxTS problem of linear systems with both instantaneous and delayed controls, which cannot be stabilized by any constant instantaneous feedback in certain cases. Two numerical examples verify the effectiveness of the proposed approaches. 

Research Area(s)

  • Closed loop systems, Convergence, Delays, Fixed-time stabilization, Input time-delay, Linear systems, Linear time-varying feedback, Mathematical model, Numerical stability, Observers, Periodic delayed feedback, Prescribed finite-time stabilization