First-Principles Study of FeB2 Monolayers as High-Capacity Electrode Materials for Mg-Ion Batteries

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12484-12491
Journal / PublicationJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number26
Online published26 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2023


Rechargeable Mg-ion batteries (MIBs) have attracted extensive attention due to the abundance of magnesium resources and huge superiority in energy density. But the lack of suitable electrode materials hinders the realization of MIBs. Herein, the potential of monolayer FeB2 with two-dimensional (2D) structure as anode materials for MIBs has been comprehensively analyzed, and its performance in Li/Na/K/Ca ions batteries using first-principles calculations has been compared. The results indicate that the adatoms show different adsorption and diffusion behaviors on the B and Fe sides of FeB2, which are subject to different electron-accepting abilities of the Fe and B layers. Besides, the FeB2 monolayer possesses a maximum theoretical capacity of 4152 mAh g-1 for MIBs, outperforming most 2D anode materials. The ultrahigh theoretical capacity is attributed to the small lattice mismatch and the free electron gas protection that enables the stable adsorption of multilayer Mg atoms on the FeB2 monolayers. Furthermore, the extremely low diffusion barrier and open circuit voltage demonstrate the pre-eminent electrochemical activities and performance of the FeB2 monolayer. This work provides valuable options for the design of advanced rechargeable metal-ion batteries with high capacity and lightweight. © 2023 American Chemical Society.

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