Feasibility assessment of hybrid solar photovoltaic‐biogas generator based charging station : A case of easy bike and auto rickshaw scenario in a developing nation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Amit Kumer Podder
  • Sayma Afroza Supti
  • Sayemul Islam
  • Maria Malvoni
  • Arunkumar Jayakumar
  • Sanchari Deb

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number166
Journal / PublicationSustainability
Volume14
Issue number1
Online published24 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

The popularity of electric vehicles (EVs) is increasing day by day in the modern world. The charging of EVs from grid‐connected charging stations causes a considerable power crisis in the grid. Integrating renewable energy resources (RESs) with conventional energy sources in the power grid is now considered feasible to reduce peak power demand and the inevitable emission effect. Hence, this paper presents an energy solution for EV charging with two RESs, namely, solar photo-voltaic (PV) and biogas. HOMER software is utilized to analyze the potency and functionality of solar PV and biogas‐based EV charging stations. The proposed system consists of a solar PV system, two biogas engine generators, and a bidirectional converter with battery storage. The variation of different costs, such as net present cost (NPC), initial cost, and cost of energy (COE) for different solar PV systems (3 kW, 4.5 kW, 6 kW, and 9 kW), are analyzed in HOMER software. The 4.5 kW solar PV system is finally selected as the NPC, initial cost, and COE are $93,530, $19,735, and $0.181, respectively, which is efficient. The system’s lifetime is 25 years, where an initial 12 years is required to overcome the system cost, and the remaining 13 years will provide financial benefits. The study also illustrates the effect of solar irradiance, biomass, and the change in the load of the energy management system. The techno–economic analysis shows that the proposed scheme can be an effective energy solution. The emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs), such as CO2, CO, SO2, and NOX, is reduced considerably compared to other existing techniques. The study is expected to be beneficial in renewables‐based EV charging systems with techno–economic and environmental feasibility.

Research Area(s)

  • Biogas for EV, Cost of electricity, Electric vehicles, EV charging station, Net present cost, Renewables for EV charging, Solar PV‐based EV charger

Citation Format(s)

Feasibility assessment of hybrid solar photovoltaic‐biogas generator based charging station : A case of easy bike and auto rickshaw scenario in a developing nation. / Podder, Amit Kumer; Supti, Sayma Afroza; Islam, Sayemul; Malvoni, Maria; Jayakumar, Arunkumar; Deb, Sanchari; Kumar, Nallapaneni Manoj.

In: Sustainability, Vol. 14, No. 1, 166, 01.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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