Fatty Acid Synthase Is Involved in Classical Swine Fever Virus Replication by Interaction with NS4B

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Ya-Yun Liu
  • Xiao-Dong Liang
  • Chun-Chun Liu
  • Yan Cheng
  • Huan Chen
  • Abdul Sattar Baloch
  • Jin Zhang
  • Bin Zhou

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00781-21
Number of pages18
Journal / PublicationJournal of Virology
Volume95
Issue number17
Online published10 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Abstract

Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), a member of the genus Pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae, relies on host machinery to complete its life cycle. Previous studies have shown a close connection between virus infection and fatty acid biosynthesis, mainly regulated by fatty acid synthase (FASN). However, the molecular action of how FASN participates in CSFV replication remains to be elucidated. In this study, two chemical inhibitors of the fatty acid synthesis pathway [5-(tetradecyloxy)-2-furoic acid (TOFA) and tetrahydro-4-methylene-2R-octyl-5-oxo-3S-furancarboxylic acid (C75)] significantly impaired the late stage of viral propagation, suggesting CSFV replication required fatty acid synthesis. We next found that CSFV infection stimulated the expression of FASN, whereas knockdown of FASN inhibited CSFV replication. Furthermore, confocal microscopy showed that FASN participated in the formation of replication complex (RC), which was associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Interestingly, CSFV NS4B interacted with FASN and promoted overexpression of FASN, which is regulated by functional Rab18. Moreover, we found that FASN regulated the formation of lipid droplets (LDs) upon CSFV infection, promoting virus proliferation. Taken together, our work provides mechanistic insight into the role of FASN in the viral life of CSFV, and it highlights the potential antiviral target for the development of therapeutics against pestiviruses. 
IMPORTANCE Classical swine fever, caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV), is one of the notifiable diseases by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and causes significant financial losses to the pig industry globally. CSFV, like other (1)-strand RNA viruses, requires lipid and sterol biosynthesis for efficient replication. However, the role of lipid metabolism in CSFV replication remains unknown. Here, we found that fatty acid synthase (FASN) was involved in viral propagation. Moreover, FASN is recruited to CSFV replication sites in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and interacts with NS4B to regulate CSFV replication that requires Rab18. Furthermore, we speculated that lipid droplet (LD) biosynthesis, indirectly regulated by FASN, ultimately promotes CSFV replication. Our results highlight a critical role for de novo fatty acid synthesis in CSFV infection, which might help control this devastating virus.

Research Area(s)

  • FAS, pestiviruses, viral replication, virus-host interactions

Citation Format(s)

Fatty Acid Synthase Is Involved in Classical Swine Fever Virus Replication by Interaction with NS4B. / Liu, Ya-Yun; Liang, Xiao-Dong; Liu, Chun-Chun; Cheng, Yan; Chen, Huan; Baloch, Abdul Sattar; Zhang, Jin; Go, Yun Young; Zhou, Bin.

In: Journal of Virology, Vol. 95, No. 17, e00781-21, 09.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review